The temple of Luxor is known as the temple of the southern opet.It was built by King AmenhotepIIIwho was the son of king Tutomosis IV. Actually, the ancient pharaohs started building this temple since the middle kingdom but it becomes as a great temple in the 18th dynasty ,Amenhotep has had architects reconstructed the modest original sanctuary which was always the first part of the temple to be built.
It was planned along traditional lines, it has a sanctuary "Holy of the holies" with surrounding rooms, a large colonnaded hall and an open court. So many kings had participated in building that great temple after king Tutomosis such as his son king TutomosisIV, King Akhenaton, king TutankhAmon, Queen Hatshepsut, and king Ramses II. The first and present large forecourt and pylon was built by King Ramses II and it give alive images of the battle of Kadesh .These records of king Ramses II military campaign against the Hittites in the 5th year of region and how he is leading his army to defeat the enemies and destroying their fortresses.
Also, this temple recording the first peace treaty on man history. Furthermore, in that temple you can explore a mosque for the Muslims and church for Christians.